Saturday, November 22, 2014

Saturday News

Contents of This Week Saturday News:

Definition: Cognition

Cognition From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In science, cognition is the set of all mental abilities and processes related to knowledge: attention, memory & working memory, judgement & evaluation, reasoning & "computation", problem solving & decision making, comprehension & production of language, etc. Cognition is by humans conscious and unconscious, concrete or abstract, as well as intuitive (like knowledge of a language) and conceptual (like a model of a language). Cognitive processes use existing knowledge and generate new knowledge.

These processes are analyzed from different perspectives within different contexts, notably in the fields of linguistics, anesthesia, neuroscience, psychiatry, psychology, education,philosophy, anthropology, biology, systemics, and computer science. These and other different approaches to the analysis of cognition are synthesised in the developing field of cognitive science, a progressively autonomous academic discipline. Within psychology and philosophy, the concept of cognition is closely related to abstract concepts such as mind and intelligence. It encompasses the mental functions, mental processes (thoughts), and states of intelligent entities (humans, collaborative groups, human organizations, highly autonomous machines, and artificial intelligences).

Thus, the term's usage varies across disciplines; for example, in psychology and cognitive science, "cognition" usually refers to an information processing view of an individual's psychological functions. It is also used in a branch of social psychology called social cognition to explain attitudes, attribution, and group dynamics. In cognitive psychology and cognitive engineering, cognition is typically assumed to be information processing in a participant’s or operator’s mind or brain.

Cognition can in some specific and abstract sense also be artificial.


Video: Cognition

Recovering Cognition After Stroke (Stroke Recovery #4)

Uploaded on Nov 28, 2007

A person who has had a stroke may suddenly have trouble speaking, or be unable to recall names or faces. While normal, this is quite frightening, and requires treatment. Watch More Health Videos at Health Guru:

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Eclectic Stuff

Definition: Eclectic(noun) a person who derives ideas, style, or taste from a broad and diverse range of sources.

Aphasia Patients Can Improve Long After Stroke

Jeff Porter
Stroke of Faith
Thursday, January 24, 2013

I wasn't exactly a "senior" when my stroke happened, but I did suffer with aphasia, affecting my reading and speaking. It took therapy and time to bring me back to a somewhat previous level.

So I was interested in the small item about a study looking how therapy can help long after a stroke. My own speech abilities showed improvement long after, even without therapy. Here's a link to the story about how therapy can still benefit older, long-time aphasia sufferers, study shows:
"We have shown that language therapy has a positive impact even long time after stroke, and not only on language but also on general cognition, as shown by the positive changes in the default network," said researcher Ana Ines Ansaldo in a statement. "My hope is that these findings will change clinical attitudes towards seniors who suffer from language disorders, by providing intensive, specific and focused stimulation for these patients." 
The study appears in the journal Brain and Language.

See the original article:

Impulses and the Brain, aka Fuck! Where Did My Filters Go?

Joyce Hoffman
The Tales of a Stroke Patien
Jun 4, 2014

SSTattler: Re-published Saturday, June 14, 2014 IB aka F! WDMFG?

In 1848, in a report written by Dr. John Harlow, M.D., the doctor related the unfortunate, rock-blasting accident by a railway worker, Phineas Gage, who had a long metal rod blasted through his left cheek, through his eye, and out of the top of his head. Consequently, the accident caused damage to his frontal lobe.

Gage survived the accident and had his memory, speech, and motor skills intact, but he had well-documented changes to his personality. (The photograph is of brain-injury survivor Gage, 1823–1860, shown holding the tamping iron which injured him).

Before his misfortune, Gage was described as organized, respectful to others, and well-tempered. According to Dr. Harlow, following the accident, he was "fitful, irreverent, indulging at times in the grossest profanity, and manifesting but little deference for his fellows." In other words, he was disorganized, had hissy fits, cursed, and disrespected others. The cause? He had damage to the frontal lobe of his brain.

Exercise Helps Recovery Because it Strengthens What?

Peter G. Levine
Stronger After Stroke
Tuesday, May 14, 2013

Interesting video, below, by one of my favorite neuroscientists, Dale Corbett.  For the record: There is no one I know up doing a better job of translating what neuroscientists have to offer to stroke recovery. Have a watch. The insights really start at 1:40 in. I'll post my critique below the video.

Standard YouTube License @ HSF CSR

The overall message is important. Exercise is essential. It is unfortunate that the message is sort of convoluted in this video. They're talking first about TIA, and how if you have a TIA you should use exercise as a way to lessen the chance of a full-blown stroke. Then the discussion takes an obtuse tangent into how exercise is important to recovery, and then with no real explanation doubles back to talking about TIA again. Still, while maybe the messages should have been separated, both are important.

Low Levels of Pro-inflammatory Agent Help Cognition in Rats

Dean Reinke
Deans’ Stroke Musing
Wednesday, January 29, 2014

I would expect this to be a great line of stroke research but there is no great stroke association to ask if this is being researched in humans. We just may never know the answer to such a simple question - Low Levels of Pro-inflammatory Agent Help Cognition in Rats.

Although inflammation is frequently a cause of disease in the body, research from The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio indicates that low levels of a pro-inflammatory cytokine in the brain are important for cognition. Cytokines are proteins produced by the immune system.

Jennifer Donegan, graduate student, and David Morilak, PhD, professor of pharmacology in the School of Medicine, found that neutralizing the cytokine interleukin-6 in the brain impaired reversal learning in both stressed and nonstressed rats. Reversal learning is a form of cognitive flexibility that is diminished in psychiatric diseases such as depression, schizophrenia and post-traumatic stress disorder. Cognitive flexibility is the ability to change previously learned thoughts and behaviors in response to changes in the environment.

When we started the project, we thought cognitive flexibility would be impaired by stress-induced inflammation in a region of the brain called the prefrontal cortex,” Donegan said. “We decided to block interleukin-6 during stress to prevent the cognitive deficit, and to our surprise this made things worse. This suggested that it may actually be beneficial to maintain a low level of this pro-inflammatory cytokine in the brain.

As a key next step, the scientists were then able to fix the cognitive deficit caused by stress by restoring a low level of the cytokine specifically in the prefrontal cortex. Both scientists caution, however, that there is still much to learn about interleukin-6’s role in cognition and in diseases like depression. “We’ve replicated just one piece of a very complex disease so we can understand the biology,” Dr. Morilak said. “We found that, in one brain region, one cytokine facilitates cognitive flexibility and is beneficial after chronic stress. But we delivered the cytokine specifically into that brain region using a virus, which we cannot do in people. And its role in inflammation may be very different than in normal conditions. There’s still a lot of work to do.

Source: University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

See the original article:

Weight Loss Surgery Improves Memory and Cognition

Bill (William) Yates
Brain Posts
7th January 2014

I have reviewed some research evidence documenting the adverse effect of obesity on cognition.

Dementia rates do appear increased in obese populations but the mechanism and issue of causality remain unclear.

If there is a direct effect of obesity on brain function, one might expect weight loss to improve cognition.

There have been a series of papers examining changes in cognition following bariatric weight loss surgery using the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery study.

At baseline, about one fourth of the sample showed impaired performance on at least one neuropsychological domain.

Memory Aids Have to Be in My Face

Rebecca Dutton
Home After a Stroke
September 13, 2011

When I forgot to pick up a friend who has a brain injury I felt guilty.  She blamed herself because she thought she had remembered the wrong date.  This painful experience taught me that memory aids have to be in my face.  I can repeatedly ignore a stack of reminders sitting in an out of the way place.  I use classic memory aids in some unusual ways.

The current month sits on my kitchen table where I eat breakfast.  I used to highlight important events, but the page of bright colors was distracting by the end of the month.  Now I use 2 colored tabs to mark important dates and move the tabs when the events are over.  I fold the page for each month in half and put future months in the napkin holder on the right.  Every piece of paper is stuffed in it's respective month.  The arrow is pointing to a month that has a postcard from my dentist reminding me to make an appointment.  I got that postcard six weeks ago.  If I had put the postcard on my kitchen counter who knows where it would be now.  I also tear a page from an amusing day-to-day calendar before I start to eat which tells me what the current date is.  Remembering can be fun.  Breakfast = funny joke = date.

When I open a new month I put the papers in chronological order. First I have to schedule blood work.  Then I have to pay a bill and use a ticket for a dance performance.  This table is where I sit to tie my shoes.  I put the papers on a cheap picture easel so they are in my face when I sit down.  I also keep sticky Post-It notes and a pen every where I sit so I can write notes and stick them on my shirt.  If I leave the note on my shirt too long it falls off when I walk.  When that happens I stop what I'm doing and do what's written on the note.

A word of caution about memory aids.  What helps one person remember doesn't make a bit of sense to another person.  The memory aids I use are only examples that may help you discover memory aids that work for you.  There are also lots of places that meet the "where you sit down every day" criteria.  Negotiate with your family to find a prominent place that you can put your memory aids. It requires others to adjust to a few changes, but they will appreciate your improved memory.  Readers of my blog have said how organized I am.  I fooled you.  My memory is on paper.

See the original article:

Bilateral Integration

Steven H. Cornelius
Music and Stroke
January 21, 2012

The following is an except from a presentation I gave at the Inaugural Interdisciplinary Symposium on Quantitative Research in Music and Medicine. Ogden, Utah. June 3, 2011. The presentation will be published in its entirety in the 2011 Proceedings of the Interdisciplinary Society for Quantitative Measurement in Music and Medicine. Precise publication information will follow when it  becomes available. Many thanks to the conference board for allowing publication of this material in my blog.

My first post-stroke memories begin around four days after the event. Subjectively, my thinking seemed dazed, but relatively normal. I just felt very tired. It was not until I tried to act in the world—perform simple addition or subtraction, read, tell time, speak, or tried to do just about anything—that the fractures in my mind became apparent. So too with my body. At rest, it felt normal, completely pain free. Until I tried to act, I had no idea I could not chew and swallow normally, walk, or move my left arm and fingers. Indeed, I had no left side sensation whatsoever.

On the fifth day after the stroke, I found I could move my left wrist. Earlier in the day, a neurologist had asked if the stroke had affected my music cognition. I had no idea. I had not thought about music at all; mostly my mind was silent. The neurologist sang some pitch intervals and I identified them without difficulty. How about rhythm, he wondered. I tapped a clave pattern with my right hand, also with no apparent problem.


Amy Shissler
My Cerebellar Stroke Recovery
May 26, 2013

I’m pretty smart.  One of the biggest things that annoyed me, and still annoys me to this day – you know what, A LOT of stuff has annoyed me.  A LOT.  I mean I had a stroke at age 30, that’s pretty annoying.  But this has been one of the biggest annoyances.  I lost nothing cognitively.  I was not affected cognitively whatsoever.  But a lot of people treated me like I was.  I can certainly understand being treated that way the first few months because my brain was recently massively injured – that’s gonna cause some immediate cognitive issues.  But after a few months, my cognition was fine.  I still said and did weird shit, couldn’t help it, but I wasn’t stupid - I was injured.  Don’t treat someone like they are any less intelligent, they’re not.  You have absolutely NO idea what’s going on in their head.

See the original article:

Josh Kaufman: The First 20 Hours -- How to Learn Anything

Ramon Florendo
Life After a Stroke
Published on Mar 14, 2013

TEDxCSU -- Josh Kaufman is the author of the #1 international bestseller, 'The Personal MBA: Master the Art of Business', as well as the upcoming book 'The First 20 Hours: Mastering the Toughest Part of Learning Anything.' Josh specializes in teaching people from all walks of life how to master practical knowledge and skills. In his talk, he shares how having his first child inspired him to approach learning in a whole new way.

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See the original article:

Unmasking a Beauty

The Pink House On The Corner
Monday, November 10, 2014

So! Renovations started today on our new house! We are now in the "demolition" phase, meaning the things that need to be taken out, are being taken out.


One Wedding and a Funeral

Marcelle Greene
Up Stroke
Wednesday, November 12, 2014

I took two significant trips this year – one to England to attend a funeral, and the second to the East Coast to be in a wedding. Leaving town means missing my four weekly therapy sessions, which keep my physical discomfort to a minimum; so I’ve developed a strategy for dealing with muscle stiffness while traveling.

Following my own advice (Travel Tips for Survivors), I stayed in comfortable, accessible accommodations for multiple nights, and identified a local gym. Using a gym worked out the kinks from the plane ride and kept my energy level steady. I’ve learned from experience that surrendering to the notion that I need to rest for a couple days after a long plane ride simply allows my muscles to stiffen and lethargy to overcome me.

From the gym window in Kent County, England, I watched a horse frolicking in a green, green field. At the gym in Charlotte, North Carolina, my workout was interrupted by a fire drill; while we waited in the parking lot for the “all-clear,” my friend and her fiancé practiced their first dance, giving me a privileged first peek.

After the wedding my husband and I drove to Canada for a week in a cottage by a lake. I mustered my courage and got into a paddle boat, and an inner tube being towed behind a pontoon. But the triumph was climbing into a canoe and paddling – better on the left than the right, but enough for my husband to feel the contribution.

I can paddle a boat, canoe?

See the original article:

Introduction Movie Mark Ittleman using Teaching of Talking Method Stroke Patients with Aphasia

Published on Apr 24, 2012

Mark Ittleman, The speech pathologist who can make a rock talk conducts a seminar in Houston Texas to demonstrate the Teaching of Talking Method. Ittleman has just published a revolutionary approach to speech therapy with those who have aphasia and voice difficulties. His book is entitled The Teaching of Talking: Learn to do expert speech therapy at home with children and adults.

This Introduction to the Teaching of Talking Method showcases Mark Ittleman, as he relates and stimulates speech and language. He is focused and engaging and shows that speech therapy can be done anywhere without a lot of papers, notebooks, or impersonal computers. What is important is the stimulation of an interchange of speaking around a person's interests and passions. Stop by our website at and order your copy of Teaching of Talking.

Standard YouTube License @ MakeRocksTalk's channel

… yet

Barb Polan
Barb’s Recovery
Nov 13 / 2014

Today is the 5th anniversary of me having a stroke, the anniversary of the worst thing that ever happened to me. Of course, enormous good has been revealed through this ordeal – the importance of gratitude, admiration for the strength of others undergoing awful ordeals with grace, and the evidence of just how supportive my friends and family are.

I find this anniversary a sad event. Other stroke survivors celebrate the day – grateful they got a second chance at life. Those survivors view their anniversaries as “re-birthdays,” the chance to start again. I don’t – I view it as having wrecked my perfect life.

What might help someone relate to my view is to think of the passing of a favorite pet (let’s suppose it’s a dog). Your beloved dog dies. Sure, the new puppy is adorable (what puppy isn’t?), but it’s really not the same. The puppy cuddles with you, tickles you by licking your jawline, and brings you joy. But it takes a lot of time and work to train it.

And, most of all, although you adore your new puppy and the dog it becomes, the new dog does not replace the beloved old one. You still miss the one who’s gone.

Weekly Columnists

Sunday Stroke Survival: Blocked Cog in the Works

Jo Murphey
The Murphey Saga
Sunday, November 16, 2014

After a stroke you may have some cognition problems. Something is keeping the cogs in your brain from turning...mainly dead brain cells. What in the Dickens does that mean for us?

cognition [kog-nish-uh n] noun
1. the act or process of knowing; perception.
2. the product of such a process; something thus known, perceived, etc.
3. knowledge.
(courtesy of

Uh oh, there's that word again...perception. I've often talked about perceptions in this blog. How you perceive things. How others perceive things. The possibilities of perception. The negatives and the positives of perception.

TED Talks: Allan Jones - A Map of the Brain

Uploaded on Nov 10, 2011

How can we begin to understand the way the brain works? The same way we begin to understand a city: by making a map. In this visually stunning talk, Allan Jones shows how his team is mapping which genes are turned on in each tiny region, and how it all connects up.

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Tadpole Update: Spokes Fighting Strokes - Nov/22/2014

Anacortes, Washington to Key West, Florida
The Cast: Dan, Catherine, Bill, Dana, David

Date            | Start           ✔︎ = DONE
Jun 29 Stage  1 | Anacortes, WA; 462 miles ✔︎
Jul 16 Stage  2 | Sandpoint, ID; 342 miles ✔︎       
Aug 03 Stage  3 | Cutbank, MT; 544 miles ✔︎       
Aug 17 Stage  4 | Dickinson, ND; 413 miles ✔︎ 
Aug 30 Stage  5 | Pierre, SD; 485 miles ✔︎
Sep 13 Stage  6 | Council Bluffs, IA; 559 miles ✔︎
Sep 28 Stage  7 | St. Louis, MO; 570 miles ✔︎
Oct 12 Stage  8 | Tishomingo, MS; 454 miles ✔︎
Oct 25 Stage  9 | Mobile, AL; 570 miles ✔︎
Nov 08 Stage 10 | St. Augustine, FL; 533 miles ✔︎
Nov 23 Stage 11 | Ft. Lauderdale, FL; 189 miles Tomorrow start second-last Stage 23...
Nov 29 End   12 | Key West, FL; End of Ride 

DanTrikeMan - Spokes Fighting Strokes:
Dan Zimmerman
Nov 19, 2014

"Road to Margaritaville"

Clewiston to Fort Lauderdale FL 66.9 miles, 203.4ft climbing, max speed 22.42, mph average speed 14.59, 48-54 degree. Check out David click on journal my website

Attitude is 90% of life, 
think positive! "Fins Up"

David Babcock - CrazyGuyonaBike:
Day 145: Markham Park Campground to Del Raton RV Park (by car)

Thursday Nov 20, 2014, 1 mile (2 km) - Total so far: 5,188 miles (8,349 km)

The big news this morning was that we started the day with three flats. When we got outside to start loading everything up, Dan discovered his back tire was flat. And when we went to move my bike, its back tire was flat, which was a first. This is the first flat I've had on the whole trip. I was actually thinking I might make it through the whole trip without a flat.

The third flat was on the trailer. The passenger side, rear tire was flat. Bill got out the compressor and we aired it up to see if it would hold for a while. We finished loading all our gear and the bikes and checked the trailer tire again. It had lost a fair amount of air so we filled it again and took off for a tire store.

Sandy getting fitted for the rental trike
with the shop dog keeping an eye on the process.
We found a Goodyear location and they were able to plug the tire. They pulled a small bolt out of the tread which was the problem. We then made a stop at Atlantic Bike Shop to pick up a trike for Sandy to ride this week. Dan had made arrangements with the shop to rent a trike that they had on consignment to sell.

From there we headed north a bit up to the Del-Raton RV Park in Delray Beach. It is right on Highway 1 pretty close to the ocean. We are staying here for two nights before moving south down to Homestead on Saturday night.

The early afternoon was spent repairing our flat tires and checking the bikes over for any other problems. There was the usual trip to a grocery store for supplies. I did a very short test ride to check out the bike and stopped at the Mobil station/convenience store across the street for a soda.

It was mostly sunny during the middle of the day but got cloudy later. We never got any rain but it stayed pretty cool all day. We're hoping for warmer weather soon but it may not happen for a day or two (or three).

Jackie The Jester: Being a Canadian

Jackie Poff
Stroke Survivors Tattler
Forget Rednecks... Here is what Jeff Foxworthy has to say about Canadians, during a recent appearance at Caesars in Windsor:
  • If someone in a Home Depot store offers you assistance and they don't work there, You may live in Canada.
  • If you've worn shorts and a parka at the same time, You may live in Canada.
  • If you've had a lengthy telephone conversation with someone who dialed a wrong number, You may live in Canada.
  • If 'Vacation' means going anywhere south of Detroit for the weekend, You may live in Canada.
  • If you measure distance in hours,You may live in Canada.
  • If you know several people who have hit a deer more than once, You may live in Canada.
  • If you have switched from 'heat' to 'A/C' in the same day and back again, You may live in Canada.
  • If you can drive 90 km/hr through 2 feet of snow during a raging blizzard without flinching, You may live in Canada.
  • If you install security lights on your house and garage, but leave both unlocked, You may live in Canada.
  • If you carry jumper cables in your car and your wife knows how to use them, You may live in Canada.
  • If you design your kid's Halloween costume to fit over a snowsuit, You may live in Canada.
  • If the speed limit on the highway is 80 km -- you're going 95 and everybody is passing you, You may live in Canada.
  • If driving is better in the winter because the potholes are filled with snow, You may live in Canada.
  • If you know all 4 seasons: Almost winter, winter, still winter, and road construction, You may live in Canada.
  • If you have more miles on your snow blower than your car, You may live in Canada.
  • If you find -2 degrees 'a little chilly', You may live in Canada.
  • If you actually understand these jokes, and forward them to all your friends and you definitely are Canadian and proud to be.

Rick Mercer Report:
         Rick and Log Rolling & Norwood Fall Fair

RMR: Rick and Log Rolling

Published on Oct 29, 2014

Rick learns how to be a lumberjack with seven-time log rolling champion Darren Hudson in Barrington, NS.

Standard YouTube License @ Rick Mercer Report

RMR: Rick at the Norwood Fall Fair

Published on Nov 5, 2014

Rick visits the 146th annual fair in Norwood, ON, for flyball, taffy pulling, and lawn mower racing.

Standard YouTube License @ Rick Mercer Report

Daily Comics

For Better and For Worse
Lynn Johnston

Canada Family Events
Scott Adams

Dilbert Office Events

Edmonton Journal
Malcolm Mayes
Politics Views from Canada

Garry Trudeau

Politics Views from USA

** I tried to get low or free price at the people for the images for the cartoons. It was too high for Stroke Survivors Tattler i.e. we are not a regular newspaper and our budget is very, very low. Fortunately, you will have to do only 1-click more to see the cartoon image, it is legit and it is free using and


Saturday, November 15, 2014

Saturday News

Contents of This Week:

Definition: Physical Exercise

Physical Exercise from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A U.S. Marine participates in a triathlon
at Catoctin Mountain in 2005
Physical exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness. It is performed for various reasons, including strengthening muscles and the cardiovascular system, honing athletic skills, weight loss or maintenance, and merely enjoyment. Frequent and regular physical exercise boosts the immune system and helps prevent the "diseases of affluence" such as heart disease, stroke, cardiovascular disease, Type 2 diabetes, and obesity. It may also help prevent depression, help to promote or maintain positive self-esteem, improve mental health generally, and even can augment an individual's sex appeal or body image, which has been found to be linked with higher levels of self-esteem. Childhood obesity is a growing global concern, and physical exercise may help decrease some of the effects of childhood and adult obesity. Health care providers often call exercise the "miracle" or "wonder" drug—alluding to the wide variety of proven benefits that it can provide.


Physical exercises are generally grouped into three types, depending on the overall effect they have on the human body:
  • Aerobic exercise is any physical activity that uses large muscle groups and causes your body to use more oxygen than it would while resting. The goal of aerobic exercise is to increase cardiovascular endurance. Examples of aerobic exercise include cycling, swimming, brisk walking, skipping rope, rowing, hiking, playing tennis, continuous training, and long slow distance training.
  • Anaerobic exercise is also called strength or Resistance training and can firm, strengthen, and tone your muscles, as well as improve bone strength, Balance, and Coordination. Examples of strength moves are pushups, lunges, and bicep curls using dumbbells. Anaerobic exercise also include weight training, functional training, eccentric training, Interval training, sprinting and high-intensity interval training increase short-term muscle strength.
  • Flexibility exercises stretch and lengthen your muscles. Activities such as stretching help to improve joint joint flexibility and keep muscles limber. The goal is to improve the range of motion which can reduce the chance of injury.
Physical exercise can also include training that focuses on accuracy, agility, power, and speed.

Video: Physical Exercise

Contents - Physical Exercise:

1.  Simple Exercise At Your Home..., 
2.  Or Maybe You Like Yoga..., 
3.  But I Prefer Swimming..., 
4.  Many People Like Walking..., 
5.  And, of course, Running or Biking or Snowshoes, ..., etc!

1. Simple Exercise At Your Home..., 

Let's Get Moving: A Home-Based Exercise Program for Individuals Recovering from Stroke 

Published on Apr 12, 2013

This exercise program was developed by a Doctor of Physical Therapy student from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The video is meant to encourage stroke survivors to stay active after stroke and to provide a foundation for doing so. The video is most appropriate for ambulatory individuals with mild to moderate functional deficits. The video focuses on strengthening and range of motion and can be used alone or in addition to physical therapy intervention.

Music: "Unaccompanied Cello Suite No. 6 in D Major, BWV 1012: Gigue" by Yo-Yo Ma

Standard YouTube License @ Lauren Suggs

Daily Comics

For Better and For Worse
Lynn Johnston

Canada Family Events
Scott Adams

Dilbert Office Events

Edmonton Journal
Malcolm Mayes
Politics Views from Canada

Garry Trudeau

Politics Views from USA

** I tried to get low or free price at the people for the images for the cartoons. It was too high for Stroke Survivors Tattler i.e. we are not a regular newspaper and our budget is very, very low. Fortunately, you will have to do only 1-click more to see the cartoon image, it is legit and it is free using and

Eclectic Stuff

Definition: Eclectic(noun) a person who derives ideas, style, or taste from a broad and diverse range of sources.

Sunday Stroke Survival ~ Let's Get Physical, Physical

Jo Murphey
The Murphey Saga
Sunday, November 9, 2014

Yep you guessed it. The blog today is on physical exercise after a stroke. Yeah, right! Sure it is. I hear you. "A couple of weeks ago ago, you said you don't exercise."

I might have given up my gym membership back in the dark ages when dinosaurs roamed the earth, (er, um, 1984) but that doesn't mean I don't do physical exercises.

I do own a stationary air cycle and one of those ritzy NordicTrack, all-in-one, FreeStride Trainer. It was an impulse buy before my stroke. Now this equipment is getting a good dusting before I use them again. After all, with the decubitus on my foot this past twelve months, it's been kind of hard to stand let alone exercise with them. I'll be using them again soon now that they aren't an issue anymore. (Yahhh! Whoppie!) I've kind of been looking forward to it. I may not be able to work out as long as I once did, but with time, I should be.


Barb Polan
Barb’s Recovery
31st December 2010

Pat and I went to the Y today to see what equipment I might be able to use in addition to exercises in the pool. As a former personal trainer, Pat is interested in both herself and me getting in better physical condition. She walks miles and miles around Gloucester, while I row miles and miles on my machine, so she is not worried about our cardiovascular health, but our strength, especially my left side.

At the Y, we ventured upstairs to the fitness room, which we had not visited on our first tour, as focused as we were to see whether I could make my way to the locker room and get into the pool. Today we went up to the third floor, where there's a gymnasium on the left and fitness room to the right, women's locker room with sauna in between.

The fitness room contained a bank of cardio equipment on the left and a Nautilus circuit on the right. I eyed the leg curl machine as we entered, but we tried out a recumbent bike instead, to see how that went. Fortunately, there was a foot strap to hold my left foot in place, and I could even pedal with my right foot on the floor because Pat wanted to see if my left leg was just "going along for the ride" or whether it could actually pedal. I didn't do it long, but it was tiring. All of the Stairmasters, which Pat wanted me to try, were occupied, so that was out.

We looked around for something else I could try. She relented and said I could try the three leg machines by the door we'd entered: they were labeled leg curl, leg extension, and abductor/adductor. I think that's to strengthen hamstring (back of thigh), quad (front of thigh), abductors(outside of thigh) and adductors (inside of thigh), respectively, although I might have the abductor/adductor locations reversed. I'll have to check.

Neuromuscular Re-Education -- or "It's all about your butt!"

The Pink House On The Corner
Saturday, November 8, 2014

So, two weeks ago, Bob had his four week "re-certification" at Outpatient Rehab. He passed speech with flying colors, not so much PT...

Once again, he's caught in that "plateau" trap, the "no progress" or "slow progress" and "no functional improvement" crap and he's about to be booted out of the insurance-paid-for-therapy door....

This time, however, because Bob has a trust fund and we can afford to private pay for therapy, Bob's PT did some legwork and a found a highly recommended personal trainer at a local fitness studio who specializes in stroke and brain injury rehab.

Friday, we went to the fitness studio for a "free consultation" and "evaluation" with the personal trainer.

And I tell you, it was very different from the usual insurance-paid-for-therapy evaluation. In fact, the "therapy" is very different from anything we've run into at all the different rehab centers we have frequented in these past four years. This place practices the "BEST method" (stands for "Better Educated Strength Training") and the stroke rehab program concentrates on "neuromuscular re-education" and this therapist/personal trainer actually talked about things like "neuroplasticity" and "brain-to-muscle connectivity" and things I've really only read about -- up to now.

So, this sounds like pretty exciting stuff....

Can Exercise Reduce Stroke Damage?

Bill (William) Yates
Brain Posts
6th December 2012

This is the fourth and final post is a series focusing on exercise and the brain.  In the first post, I reviewed research documenting the brain's role in exercise fatigue.  The second post examined the hypothesis that aerobic physical activity had a key evolutionary role in the growth of brain size in humans.  The third post focused on animal study research supporting a role for exercise in reducing vulnerability to anxiety by changes in the 5-HT2C serotonin receptor.

In this post, I will review a provocative study suggesting that physical fitness and it's effect on brain vascular health, may limit the brain damage produced by stroke.

Dunn and colleagues at the University of Calgary in Canada conducted an experiment in rats that has recently been published in the journal PLOS ONE.  They noted that in the mammalian brain a chemical called hypoxia inducible factor, or HIF-1alpha, exists that improves "the capacity of tissue to survive low oxygen conditions".   They hypothesized that manipulation of environmental factors that increase HIF-1alpha may serve as a potential mechanism to reduce the brain damage associated with hypoxic events.